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Board of Studies Key Terms

Board of Studies

Key Terms




Account: State reasons for, or report on. To give an account of also means to narrate a series of events or transactions.


Analyse: Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications.


Apply: Use, utilise, employ in a particular situation.


Appreciate: Make a judgement about the value of.


Assess: Make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes, results or size.


Calculate: Ascertain/determine from given facts, figures or information.


Classify: Arrange or include in classes/categories.


Compare: Show how things are similar or different.


Construct: Make; build; put together items or arguments.


Contrast: Show how things are different or opposite.


Critically (analyse/evaluate): Add a degree or level of accuracy, depth, knowledge and understanding, logic, questioning, reflection and quality to your analysis / evaluation.


Deduce: Draw conclusions.


Define: State meaning and identify essential qualities.


Demonstrate: Show by example.


Describe: Provide characteristics and features.


Discuss: Identify issues and provide points for and/or against.


Distinguish: Recognise or note/indicate as being distinct or different from; to note differences between things.


Evaluate: Make a judgement based on criteria; determine the value of.


Examine: Question or inquire into thoroughly.


Explain: Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide an explanation of why and/or how.


Extract: Choose relevant and/or appropriate details.


Extrapolate: Infer from what is known.


Identify: Recognise and name.


Interpret: Draw meaning from.


Investigate: Plan, inquire into and draw conclusions about.


Justify: Support an argument or conclusion.


Outline: Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of.


Predict: Suggest what may happen based on available information.


Propose: Put forward (for example a point of view, idea, argument, or suggestion) for consideration or action.


Recall: Present remembered ideas, facts or experiences.


Recommend: Provide reasons in favour of.


Recount: Retell a series of events.


Summarise: Express, concisely, the relevant details.


Synthesise: Putting together various elements to make a whole.